WOMEN AND AGRICULTURE
Africa and African agriculture are very vulnerable to climate change but are also great reservoirs of solutions. It could ensure food security to Africans a well as to the wider world. It is estimated that with smart, climate-sensitive agricultural practices, African annual agricultural production could increase from US$280bn to US$880bn by 2030.
Women account for more than half of the workforce in agricultural activities and are almost entirely responsible for low earning-low productivity rain-fed agriculture. Women’s agricultural activities in Africa are frequently oriented towards subsistence production and domestic markets: they produce lower value products, on smaller tracts of land, with more limited access to capital, labor, improved farm inputs and technology (including mechanization and irrigation).
The impressive growth being reported by African countries in the last few years must be broad and inclusive to maximize on the potential presented by female leadership in climate change mitigation, sustainability of agricultural production and food security in Africa. The responsibility for which is largely borne by poor subsistence women farmers who have in the main time been by-passed by dividends of economic growth.